This page contains key downloads to help further your understanding of code unification in the United States.  Over time, we will make this a full resource for all important information we can obtain regarding UEB and NUBS.

General Information on Unification

Use this section to reference general information about unification. Files included here relate to the broader issues of unification rather than to one specific unifying code.

Click here to get a document that compares current codes, UEB, and NUBS.  This is a .zip file and contains .pdf and .brf files for print and braille readers.

Information on Unified English Braille

In this section, we will bring as much relevant and current information as possible describing Unified English Braille. For any rulebooks or guidelines shown here, you may wish to check the ICEB website for more up-to-date copies. The BRF rulebook and guidelines are placed here because they are so difficult to use on the ICEB website. Here, everything is included in one convenient zipped file for your use. ICEB Rulebook and Technical

Nemeth Uniform Braille System

The Nemeth Uniform Braille System is a different approach to unifying braille than Unified English Braille. It is far more compatible with that adopted in the United States in 1951. Check below for tutorials and Code books.

More complex technical examples than those shown above in the “General Information” demonstrating differences between UEB, NUBS and EBAE for print readers.

More complex technical examples than those in the “General Information” section above demonstrating differences between UEB, NUBS and EBAE for braille readers.

Two course handbooks, .pdf versions, prepared by Joyce Hull for presentation at the National Braille Association. One course shows the literary reader or transcriber how to best understand NUBS. The other course shows more technical readers and transcribers how to best understand NUBS.

Two course handbooks, .brf versions, prepared by Joyce Hull for presentation at the National Braille Association. One course shows the literary reader or transcriber how to best understand NUBS. The other course shows more technical readers and transcribers how to best understand NUBS.

Condensed pdf manual for NUBS, get all the facts but skip the detail.

Condensed .brf manual for NUBS, get all the facts but skip the detail. This version of the Code is in 4 braille volumes.

Complete .pdf manual, Chapters 0-3. Get the code and commentary about the code from Abraham Nemeth himself.

Complete .pdf manual, Chapters 4-5. Get the code and commentary about the code from Abraham Nemeth himself.

Complete .brf manual, zipped. Get the code and commentary about the code from Abraham Nemeth himself. This complete version of the Code is in 8 braille volumes.

A sample is worth 1,000 manuals and here is an excellent sample of NUBS in a fascinating and relatively nontechnical book about Albert Einstein.